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环保企业转型房地产,“水地联动”模式行得通吗?

2022-07-27 09:02:00来源:环保圈 伏波望族 阅读量:17503

导读:所谓“水地联动”模式,就是把水的治理跟地产价值联动起来,通过房地产的渠道,来实现环境治理价值的变现。
  疫情状态下,延期付款已经成为常态。
 
  在此背景下,“水地联动”模式再次进入人们的视野。此前,首创环保曾经提出过“水地联动”模式,就是把水的治理跟地产价值联动起来,通过房地产的渠道,来实现环境治理价值的变现。
 
  有人说,互联网时代的营销模式是“羊毛出在猪身上,让狗来买单”,“水地联动”模式与此倒是颇有异曲同工之妙。
 
  那么问题来了,这种“水地联动”模式,让环保企业转型房地产去赚钱,可行吗?
 
  1
 
  据E20水网固废网报道,对于环保行业来讲,延期支付其实一直都存在,只不过疫情状态下更加严重了。而这种延期支付,已经是不同区域的普遍现象。甚至对于不做投资,只卖设备的企业来说,延期付款的情况也非常严重。
 
  据中国环保产业协会统计,2021年,A股177家环保上市公司中,有130家企业应收账款增加,占比73.4%。整体来看,177家公司的应收账款总体增长了10.8%。
 
  ▼据中国环保产业协会统计,2021年,A股177家环保上市公司的应收账款总体增长10.8%


 

  这样一来,所有的压力就都集中在环保企业的身上了。
 
  一位企业负责人在接受E20水网固废网采访时表示,“我们都是用杠杆去做的,用资金敲门,总投资里80%的钱是借的,要给银行还本付息的,现在压力都在投资人身上,转移不到项目上去,我们作为社会资本方就要去承担这个压力。”
 
  2
 
  “水地联动”设想
 
  在地方政府普遍财政状况不佳,延期付款严重的情况下,有没有别的渠道能够弥补环保企业的损失?
 
  在此背景下,“水地联动”模式再次进入人们的视野。
 
  早在2009年的时候,首创集团前董事长刘晓光就提出过“水地联动”模式。
 
  当时,国际金融危机以后,很多外行企业开始转行做水务环保,首创明显感觉水务公司的利润慢慢变薄了,于是刘晓光就在董事会上提到,能不能发挥首创金融、地产、基础设施三个都很牛的特点,创新性地推出“水地联动”模式
 
  所谓“水地联动”模式,就是把水的治理跟地产价值联动起来,通过房地产的渠道,来实现环境治理价值的变现。
 
  理论上,这应该是可行的,因为很多地方都通过水环境治理,实现过土地价值的升值。比如在青岛,通过黑臭水体治理,一个叫“李沧宝龙国际社区”的小区的房价就从2013年时的6000元/平,上涨到2018年时的18000元/平。
 
  当然,要想实现这一模式,需要自身具备一定的条件,最好是像首创这样,在房地产和环保两个领域都有足够的实力。
 
  对于这样的设想,很多环保企业虽然身不能至,但也是心向往之。
 
  2020年5月,在全国工商联环境商会举行的“环境企业家媒体见面会”上,环境商会会长、博天环境董事长赵笠钧就表示,环保产业经常是为别人做“嫁衣”,我们把河道治理好了,河道两岸的土地升值了。但升值的部分却被政府获益了。政府在获益的同时给环保企业的支付还不及时、不到位,环保企业干的都是成就他人的事。
 
  而对于“水地联动”模式,其实正是央企、国企的优势,首创也有这样的可能性。首创有房地产开发,如果能跟河道流域的治理结合起来,可能也是一种收益模型和商业模式。
 
  “现在很多房地产企业都进入了环保行业,万科、碧桂园都进来了,他们进来以后会不会探索出国土空间规划资源整合的新商业模式?我觉得是有可能的。”赵笠均说。
 
  公开资料也显示,近年来,已经有不少房地产企业都悄悄布局了环保产业。
 
  例如,早在2015年,雅居乐就成立了环保集团,聚焦生态产业园、固废处理、智慧水务、环境修复四大领域。截至2020年,其在危废处理领域已经拥有超350万吨/年的危废处理资质和超1800万立方米的安全填埋场库容,位居行业前列。
 
  2017年,万科集团也与水务环保领域的龙头企业首创共同出资设立环保平台公司,开展城市水环境治理、城市土壤修复、海绵城市建设等环保业务。
 
  此外,包括碧桂园、华夏幸福、美的集团、财信集团等房地产企业,也都在环保领域进行了布局。
 
  有业内人士认为,虽然环保板块特殊性比较强,但未来的成长性会高过很多行业,与房地产业合作空间更为广阔。
 
  3
 
  “实际操作中还会遇到一些障碍”
 
  “水地联动”模式究竟可不可行?首创的实践其实颇具参考价值。
 
  2017年11月,原首创股份与万科集团旗下全资子公司万科建筑技术发展(深圳)有限公司以及珠海万道益科投资合伙企业(有限合伙),共同出资设立环保平台公司,开展城市水环境治理、城市土壤修复、海绵城市建设等环保业务。
 
  彼时,首创股份在公告中表示,双方合作将有助于拓宽公司在环保行业覆盖领域,改善公司盈利能力,增强市场竞争力,实现水务产业与地产行业的强强联合及协同发展,推动环保产业升级。
 
  当然,这一模式要想走通,还是需要解决很多问题的。
 
  2020年5月,在“环境企业家媒体见面会”上,时任环境商会执行会长、首创股份总经理杨斌就表示,关于环境治理和土地升值的问题,理论上讲这两块能够协同,但从实际操作上看,还是有比较多的障碍的。
 
  比如,环保企业如果要去做房地产业务的话,在融资方面、证监会上市方面都会受到很多的限制。
 
  杨斌表示,从首创集团的案例看,我们还有一个房地产板块——上市公司首创置业,它和首创股份是兄弟公司,一个做环境,一个做地产,但在一个地区进行协同的案例也比较少。
 
  “比如,我建一个污水处理厂,两边的土地升值了,房地产企业去拿地能不能做一些补偿?这个方面从实际案例来说还是比较少的,说明‘水地联动’的概念很好,但在实际操作中还会遇到一些障碍。”他说。
 
  而对于首创与万科的合作,杨斌表示,此前一年的运行情况是非常好的,但它主要侧重在小区物业水景观的改善,比如万科开发的楼盘,首创来提供水的综合处理,包括微小黑臭水体、活水的利用等景观林园绿化。
 
  “至于这种实践对环保行业有没有示范作用,目前还需要论证。”杨斌说。
 
  推行“水地联动”模式,让环保企业转型房地产去赚钱,您觉得可行吗?(注:原文有删改)
 
  原标题:环保企业转型房地产,“水地联动”模式行得通吗?

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